Denmark is located in northern Europe and is part of Scandinavia. Denmark consists of the Jutland peninsula, the larger islands of Zealand, Funen, and Lolland-Falster and 429 other named islands between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea, 72 of which are inhabited.

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About DenmarkSome information and tips about Denmark

Weather, Climate and Geography

The Danish climate is moderated by the warm Gulf Stream and is therefore milder than surrounding Scandinavian countries. Denmark has four distinct seasons. The spring months, April to May, are the mildest, while the summer months of June, July and August are the hottest. Autumn, from September to November, tends to be rainy and more overcast. Winter runs from December to March and is normally cold, with frost and snow.

Temperatures
Denmark is located in the North Temperate Zone and has a mean temperature of 7.7˚C (46˚F) . Statistically, February is the coldest month (mean 0.0˚C/32˚F) and August the warmest (mean 15.7˚C/ 60˚F).

Winds
The prevailing wind is westerly, which means that the west coast of Denmark receives more rainfall than the rest of the country. The annual rain falls in Denmark averages 61 cm (24 in) of precipitation.

Sea temperatures
Denmark is surrounded by coastline and swimming in the sea is a popular pastime. The seawater temperature around Denmark, from June to August, is between 17˚C (63˚F) and 22˚C (72˚F). In August, this can rise to around 25˚C (77˚F).

Denmark is made up of the mainland peninsula called Jutland and over 400 scattered islands. The largest of Denmark’s islands, Zealand, is where you’ll find the capital city, Copenhagen. Denmark is part of Scandinavia and shares a similar geography with the south of Sweden, to which it is attached via the Oresund Bridge, and Germany, with which it shares a land border. The Kingdom of Denmark also includes the enormous, self-governing territory of Greenland, situated near North America and the autonomous territory of the Faroe Islands.

Coast-to-coast
Apart from the 68km-long border (42 miles) with Germany to the south, Denmark is surrounded entirely by water. The furthest you can be from the coast at any point in Denmark is only 52km (32 miles). At its West Coast, it touches The North Sea and this coastline is dominated by long, windswept stretches of sand and dunes. The North Coast runs up into the Kattegat and Skagerrak seas and is also a dynamic coast, with some of Northern Europe’s biggest shifting sand dunes. To the east, you’ll find a more sheltered coast and the calm waters of the Baltic Sea.

Required clothing

As Denmark borders the North Sea and the Baltic Sea, it means the weather often changes, so pack a jacket and a raincoat if you’re visiting in summer. Waterproof gear and extra layers are a must in autumn. Heavyweight for winter months and mediumweight is suitable for spring.

Did you know?
  • In Denmark, people bike in all kinds of weather. With a total of 12,000 km (7,500 miles) of bike lanes, commuting is green, quick, and safe!
  • Denmark has lots of islands. One of those islands is Greenland, the largest non-continental island on the planet.
  • Denmark is reported to be the happiest country in the world
  • Denmark has the oldest flag still in use (back in 1219).
  • Education and healthcare are being paid for by taxes. So, you don’t have to be rich to get healthcare and good education.
  • The sea is important to Danes. Since before the Vikings, Denmark has been a seafaring nation. In fact, no point in Denmark is further than 31 miles (50 km) from the sea.
  • There are more bikes than cars in the city center of Copenhagen.
  • In Danish language, there is no word for “please”.
  • Denmark doesn’t have any mountains.
  • Water in Denmark is clean enough to drink from the tap.

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