Commonly acknowledged as a land of a thousand hills, Rwanda has reinvented itself in recent years as an ecotourism destination. The undulating hills and mountains ever covered with the aid of mist each morning structure an appropriate scenery – subsequently the movie “gorillas in the mist”. Mountain gorilla trekking in Volcano National Park is by way of a ways Rwanda’s essential worldwide attraction. After the launch of the characteristic film, Gorillas in the Mist, about the late Dian Fossey’s pioneering work habituating the gorillas (in order to study their behavior), trekking extended tremendously.
Rwanda has five volcanoes, 23 lakes and numerous rivers. Her mountainous topography is a product of her role on the jap rim of the Albertine Rift Valley, part of the Great Rift Valley which cuts thru Africa from the Red Sea to Mozambique. Rwanda has three primary conservation areas: The Volcanoes Park, Akagera Park and Nyungwe Forest.
Rwanda has three fundamental conservation areas: The Volcanoes Park, Akagera Park and Nyungwe Forest. Each of these protects a unique ecosystem and mixture of large mammals. Akagera supports an ordinary savannah fauna dominated by a variety of antelopes, zebra, buffalo and giraffe, the aquatic hippopotamus, and plains predators such as lion, leopard and noticed hyena. The Volcanoes Park is the fine area in the world to song mountain gorillas while Nyungwe offers site visitors a right hazard of viewing chimpanzees and 400-strong troops of colobus monkeys – the largest arboreal primate troops in Africa today.
Weather, climate and geography
Fractionally south of the Equator and with much of the country lying at altitude, Rwanda enjoys an agreeable tropical highland climate.
Temperatures vary considerably between locations but vary little from month to month.
Peak temperatures rarely exceed 30°C (86°F) in the daytime or drop below 15°C (59°F) at night. Akagera is generally the warmest and the Virunga mountains the coolest.
The average daily temperature in Kigali is 21°C (70°F).
There are two rainy seasons in a year, from mid-February to May and mid-September to mid-December.
The dry season, from June to mid-September, sees light cloud cover and occasional light rainfall. The roads and paths tend to be easier to navigate in this period.
Known as the land of a thousand hills, Rwanda has five volcanoes, 23 lakes and numerous rivers. The country covers 10,169 square miles or 26,338 square kilometers.
Much of the country lies at elevations between 1,500m and 2,500m. The highest peak is Mount Karisimbi at 4,507m and the lowest point is the Rusizi river at 950m above sea level.
The terrain is often uneven and sensible shoes are essential.
Lightweights are required. Rainwear is advisable.
Passports & visas
A passport valid for six months from the date of entry is required by all nationals referred to in the chart above to enter Rwanda. Passports must also have a one blank page for stamps.
Visas for Rwanda are required by all nationals referred to in the chart above. Nationals of Australia, Germany, Sweden, the UK and the USA can purchase a visa on arrival. All other nationals listed in the chart must obtain a visa in advance. Travelers require a yellow fever vaccination certificate if they are coming from yellow fever endemic countries or countries with active yellow fever transmission outbreaks. Check this is still the case before travelling as this is subject to change. Travelers who are also visiting Kenya and Uganda may find it more useful to apply for an East Africa cross-border joint visa which allows entry into all three countries on a single visa. Nationals not referred to in the chart are advised to contact the embassy to check visa requirements for Rwanda.
A single-entry visa on arrival is also available to nationals who do not have a Rwandan embassy or consulate in their country. If this applies to you, visit www.migration.gov.rw (http://www.migration.gov.rw) to request a visa online.
Types and Cost
Visa on arrival (if eligible): US$50.