Afyon - Excursion to Tile and Porcelain Production Center in Kutahya
Kutahya is still a very important Tile and Porcelain Production Center in the country at present. As far as its tile industry history is concerned we know that by the 18th century, the ceramic and tile industry in Iznik had died out completely and Kutahya replaced it as the leading center in western Anatolia. Indeed, Kutahya had been in operation as a secondary center along with Iznik since the 14th century 9 but its production always paled in Iznik's brilliance. But when production at Iznik was discontinued, Kutahya plodded on.
For a while, the Kutahya potters produced inferior copies of Iznik blue and whites but they also began producing ceramics whose forms, colors, and techniques are quite distinct. Among them are a group of Christian liturgical utensils and tiles with religious themes that were made by Armenian potters for their churches. 18th-century Kutahya ceramics are made with a white paste and are usually decorated with underglaze applied designs in yellow, red, green, cobalt blue, turquoise, black, and violet. The designs are freely executed. In addition to polychrome wares, examples of blue and whites are also encountered. Forms, which can be elegant, include thin-walled small cups, saucers, bowls, ewers, pitchers, flasks, incense burners, lemon squeezers, and ornamental eggs. There we will pay a visit to a Production Center.